The era of the “Internet of Things”
Posted by cfhi at May 14th, 2015
With the advent of technology and latest developments many new phenomena and terms have been coined for different concepts and principles prevailing in the technological world. This being the era of computers, laptops and related technologies hence a new term have also been coined namely “internet of things”. Internet of things is the term given to all those devices that can be connected to internet and its activities can be monitored and an eye can be kept from distant on it. It can be anything whether human or animal in which a transmitter or biochip can be attached and connected to the internet devices. Its purpose is to exchange data with devices connected or in range. Each of the Internets of things is distinctly identifiable but it can operate within internet structure. There are various things included in it like, biochip, heart monitoring system, built in sensors of the vehicles, machines etc.
Internet of things finds application in various fields and areas. The term when was first coined in 1999 by Kevin Ashton it was not thought to have so many devices but it is predicted that by 2020 there will be 26 billion devices operating on this concept. The connectivity through internet is done by using IP address as an identifier. Some important fields in which internet of things finds application and is boosting the industry in one way are as follows.
Media – It is the most important part and is playing a very important role. The data about millions of users is utilized and is focused on target customers and the special and relevant advertisements are displayed on their screens.
Environmental monitoring is another area where it finds large application thereby benefiting humans. Here special sensors are used to keep a check on soil, atmospheric pressure, water and air. Through it, remote forest areas can be monitored and behavior of animals can also be monitored for a long time. The information collected is helpful in finding appropriate solutions to problems and warns about the future dangers.
It has proven to be of great help in infrastructure management as the bridges; constructional sites, railway tracks, wind farms etc can be monitored. This can give alert to people beforehand and gives sufficient time to think and act upon it. It has helped in lowering the risks of accidents and causalities.
Manufacturing is another sensitive unit which requires 24X7 monitoring and even the slightest mistake may result in big accidents. Now manufacturing units are fully automated and sensors are used to indicate slightest change. Intelligent systems employed increases production and lowers life risk.
Energy management, home and building automation, transportation and large scale deployments are some other areas in which internet of things intelligent devices are widely used. In Health care sector it is a boon for patients as it provides heart monitoring emergency techniques. They monitor a person’s blood pressure and heart rate as well lowering the life risk.